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social classes in france during the french revolution

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NAME : NORHAFIZA BINTI OTHMAN The Second Estate was made up of the nobility. Starting as a movement for government reforms, the French Revolution rapidly turned radical and violent, leading to the abolition of the monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The members of the upper clergy class were associated with different types of jobs. The causes of the French Revolution were many: the monarchy's severe debt problems; high taxes; poor harvests; the influence of new political ideas; and the American Revolution, to mention only a few. The Napoleonic Code was a new legal code that affirmed the rights of the middle class to own property and participate in government. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Lower Clergy: The members of this class generally worked as village priests. Social Cause: The Social condition of France during the eighteenth century was very miserable. The Nobility of the Robe: They were also prestigious but lesser than that of the Nobility of the Sword. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 She has a bachelor's degree in History, and a master's degree in International Relations. The French Revolution, one of the most popular events in History, materialized due to many reasons. The middle class believed that in order to gain equality they had to get rid of the privileges that were stopping the progress of their rise in society. The most important reason being the social inequality. However if Napoleon did not betray the revolution, he consolidated the revolutionary ideals. CONTENTS And what are the revolutionary ideals that Napoleon allegedly betrayed?

Although most of Europe changed to a more democratic- like government, France continued under the rule of an absolutist monarchy, and before the French revolution, France continued to live under the old regime at full force. Since the rule of Louis XIV, the country’s administrative efficiency declined. The slogan of liberté, equalité, fraternité expressed the desire for a society based on equal opportunities, not strict social classes. Who is the man with the bell in Les Miserables? Ancien Régime means 'Old Order.' France was in bad economic shape due to massive debt and food shortages.
The economic factors included malnutrition in certain segments of the population, due to the increased prices of consumable goods. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. They also had influence with the king.

What did the National Constituent Assembly do? After plenty of fighting and frustration, the Third Estate announced that it was done and left to create the National Assembly, a new government body. The factors that caused this revolution was due to having a bad government system, weak superiority, and inequality of the classes of people in France during the war.

| {{course.flashcardSetCount}} The third estate was especially interesting because it contained the bourgeoisie, or budding middle class. They made up about 96% of the French population, which had to shoulder the country's entire tax burden.

For example, voting was limited to the rich. The revolution transformed the existing monarchical hierarchy of France into a rigid social hierarchy.

The petite bourgeoisie: An educated or skilled middle class. The French Revolution was caused, In the French Revolution, many contributing factors helped give birth to this messy revolution. They survive among their descendants as a social convention and as part of the lega… TUTOR’S NAME : WAN AMINUDDIN BIN WAN AB. Aristocrats would now have to pay taxes like everyone else, while peasants would not have to pay dues to use their lands. It was in charge of churches and some government tasks and advising the king.

Although the Third Estate represented the vast majority of the French people, the group only had one vote on the issues. The clergy were further divided into lower clergy and upper clergy. For most of European history, a time when kings and nobility lorded over the peasants and serfs, the middle class didn't really exist.


The First Estate was made up of the Catholic clergy. Additionally, reasons for the French Revolution vary from political to social causes. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The Revolution did not omit sharp distinctions among the social groups, neither did it alter the distribution of wealth. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. At the top of the societal pyramid was the king. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you The French government rarely, During the beginning of history there have been major political, economic, cultural and social revolutions.

This time of period affected Social Structure of France prior to the French Revolution.

Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, The Ancien Regime: Structure, Politics & Powers, The Estates General Meeting and the French Revolution, The Causes of the French Revolution: Economic & Social Conditions, The Storming of Bastille & the Great Fear, Phases of the French Revolution: Overview & Events, The Reign of Terror in the French Revolution: Definition, Summary & Timeline, The French Revolution: Timeline & Major Events, The National Assembly of France: Creation, History & Impact, The French Revolution of 1848: History, Causes & Events, Who Were the Jacobins? The Catholic Church was very important in France. In addition, they also provided relief to the poor at the time of need. Quiz & Worksheet - Class System in the French Revolution, Over 79,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Constitutional Monarchy: Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen & the Civil Constitution, The End of the Monarchy: Count of Artois, Jacobin, Girondins, Duke of Brunswick, The Directory (1795-1799): First, Second & the Coup of 18 Fructidor, Jacques-Louis David: Biography, Paintings & The Death of Socrates, Reflections on the Revolution in France: Summary & Analysis, Assembly of Notables and the Estates General, Political Factions in the French National Convention, Biological and Biomedical

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