brave new world revisited essay
When the same face was associated, also on the subconscious level, with the word "angry," it took on a forbidding expression, and seemed to the observer to have become hostile and disagreeable.
Brave New World was written before the rise of Hitler to supreme power in Germany and when the Russian tyrant had not yet got into his stride. He was able, in his own words, "to follow the lead of the great mass in such a way that from the living emotion of his hearers the apt word which he needed would be suggested to him and in its turn this would go straight to the heart of his hearers." While Brave New World was a fantastic book, one may not fully appreciate the amount of detail that had gone into it before reading Brave New World Revisited, an explanation from Aldous Huxley on what each part of the original novel had meant and to what purpose each detail served. We possess detailed descriptions of the methods used by the Communist police for dealing with political prisoners. Pavlov's findings were confirmed in the most distressing manner, and on a very large scale, during the two World Wars. . George Orwell's 1984 was a magnified projection into the future of a present that contained Stalinism and an immediate past that had witnessed the flowering of Nazism. Christ promised to be present where two or three are gathered together. Our dictator will therefore see that every hospital ward is wired for sound. These stereotyped formulas must be constantly repeated, for "only constant repetition will finally succeed in imprinting an idea upon the memory of a crowd." It represents a pathetic attempt to make a virtue of necessity, to extract a positive value from an unpleasant datum. In that chapter the Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning for Western Europe explains to a group of freshman conditioners and hatchers the workings of that state-controlled system of ethical education, known in the seventh century After Ford as hypnopaedia.
It is a matter of temperament and inherited constitution.
Birth control depends on the co-operation of an entire people. Civilization is, among other things, the process by which primitive packs are transformed into an analogue, crude and mechanical, of the social insects' organic communities. The demagogic propagandist must therefore be consistently dogmatic. If these views were correct, if human beings were in fact the members of a truly social species, and if their individual differences were trifling and could be completely ironed out by appropriate conditioning, then, obviously, there would be no need for liberty and the State would be justified in persecuting the heretics who demanded it.
This is best understood by some explanations given by Mustapha Mond to the students visiting the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. .
In what follows I shall consider the problems of prevention and cure. The clergymen were against propaganda analysis as tending to undermine belief and diminish churchgoing; the advertisers objected on the grounds that it might undermine brand loyalty and reduce sales. Thanks to technological progress, Big Brother can now be almost as omnipresent as God. . But unfortunately correct knowledge and sound principles are not enough. "
Mustafa Mond is presented to us as one of the Ten World Controllers in Brave New World, of that Utopian, communal and stabilized world, set six hundred years into future. In the present instance they are using it only on volunteers and with the best intentions. It is against this grim biological background that all the political, economic, cultural and psychological dramas of our time are being played out. It is not good in itself; it is good only to the extent that it promotes the good of the individuals who are the parts of the collective whole. From these unconsciously selected experiences we more or less consciously select and abstract a smaller number, which we label with words from our vocabulary and then classify within a system at once metaphysical, scientific and ethical, made up of other words on a higher level of abstraction. In real life, life as it is lived from day to day, the individual can never be explained away. But before we discuss these new insights and techniques let us take a look at the nightmare that so nearly came true in Nazi Germany.
During the day, he wrote, "man's will power revolts with highest energy against any attempt at being forced under another's will and another's opinion. "The masses" of whom he speaks were these bewildered, frustrated and chronically anxious millions. As technology increases, the use for I myself have seen remarkable results achieved by the therapeutic sleep-teaching of small children. Moreover, there are nowhere any religious traditions in favor of unrestricted death, whereas religious and social traditions in favor of unrestricted reproduction are widespread. There are two kinds of propaganda -- rational propaganda in favor of action that is consonant with the enlightened self-interest of those who make it and those to whom it is addressed, and non-rational propaganda that is not consonant with anybody's enlightened self-interest, but is dictated by, and appeals to, passion. Moreover, melodies tend to ingrain themselves in the listener's mind. Brave New World portrays a society where all members are considered to be ‘happy consumers’, if so then it is anything but a “nightmare”. What the Jesuits did for the Roman Church of the Counter Reformation, these products of a more scientific and even harsher training are now doing, and will doubtless continue to do, for the Communist parties of Europe, Asia and Africa.
John, on the other hand, truly challenges the brave new world with a view of freedom that includes everyone, even the Deltas who reject his call for rebellion. The cortex may be too inactive to think straight; but it is alert enough to respond to suggestions and to pass them on to the autonomic nervous system. The key words in this Social Ethic are "adjustment," "adaptation," "socially orientated behavior," "belongingness," "acquisition of social skills," "team work," "group living," "group loyalty," "group dynamics," "group thinking," "group creativity." One-fifth of every electorate can be hypnotized almost in the twinkling of an eye, one-seventh can be relieved of pain by injections of water, one-quarter will respond promptly and enthusiastically to hypnopaedia. But this does not mean, of course, that the findings of the neurologists and psychologists are without any practical importance.
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