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After the births of their children, Victoria Eugenie's relationship with Alfonso deteriorated, and he had numerous affairs. After the inauspicious start to her tenure as Queen of Spain, Victoria Eugenie became isolated from the Spanish people and was unpopular in her new land. In August 1880 Queen Victoria received a visit from Empress Eugenie. This was quite poignant as Empress Eugenie had been the godmother and namesake of Beatrice’s only daughter Victoria Eugenia. She recorded in her diary that:  “ She asked me to keep a small packet which I was only to open after her death. Victoria Eugenia (also known as Ena) married King Alfonso XIII of Spain in 1906. In 1853, she was married to Emperor Napoleon III, ruler of the Second French Empire from 1852 to 1870.The origins of these Emeralds are a mystery. II. Although the Royal Marriages Act of 1772 requires that descendants of King George II obtain the British sovereign's prior permission to marry by Order in Council, an exception exists for descendants of royal daughters who marry "into foreign families". He renounced rights to the Spanish throne (because of his physical infirmities) on 21 June 1933. It is thought that Empress Eugenie had hidden them under the fan to avoid heavy customs duties . Then members of the king's circle spread rumours that Beatrice had been expelled because of her bad behaviour, which was not true. When she made her will in 1963, she included a codicil that designated a group of her jewels to be passed down from monarch to monarch. With this in mind, he created a tiara with nine large gold fleurons (leaves), each featuring an Emerald that could be interchanged with Pearls. She paired the Emeralds with other historic jewels from the Iranian Collection. The family mainly settled in Switzerland but with no means of regular income, Ena was forced to sell her jewellery. She sold many of her items at auction in 1872 but she kept a few important pieces to be dispersed amongst the British Royal Family, with whom she had become close. It had been given her by the King of Spain when she married. On 15 January 1941, Alfonso XIII, feeling his death was near, transferred his rights to the Spanish crown to his son, the Count of Barcelona. Victoria Eugenie's uncle, King Edward VII, hosted a dinner in Buckingham Palace, in honour of the Spanish king. As such, Henry's children would normally have been born with the style "Serene Highness"; however, Queen Victoria had issued a Royal Warrant on 4 December 1886 granting the higher style of "Highness" to all sons and daughters of Prince Henry and Princess Beatrice, thus she was born Her Highness Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. "Queen Victoria Eugénie, Granddaughter of Queen Victoria (Obituary)", This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 16:22. It has been said that he had a dalliance with the Queen's cousin, Beatrice, Duchess of Galliera, but this is disputed. It is rumoured she did so in order to to pay for the wedding of her grandson, Juan Carlos to Princess Sophia of Greece. The firm modified the necklace removing two emeralds and two pairs of the diamond spacers. Queen Victoria Eugenie of Spain, known better as Queen Ena, was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, the wife of King Alfonso XIII, and the grandmother of King Juan Carlos. The Beau Monde – Fine Jewellery and Watch Commentary. Therefore, she spent her childhood at Windsor Castle, Balmoral, and Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. Victoria Eugenia (also known as Ena) married King Alfonso XIII of Spain in 1906. Some days later at Windsor, King Edward congratulated his niece on her future engagement. Fontenay’s philosophy on jewellery was simple: “I like art … in which knowledge is subordinated to taste”. As grateful as she was for her present, she stored the fan away until after the Empress Eugenie had died in 1920. Victoria Eugenie died in Lausanne on 15 April 1969, aged 81, exactly 38 years after she had left Spain for exile. When I asked her if she would still not wear it, she answered ‘non, non, jamais plus de pareilles choses’ (no no, no more of these things)”. In 1920, she launched the Spanish Navy Cruiser Reina Victoria Eugenia which was named after her. After the wedding ceremony, the royal procession was heading back to the Royal Palace when an assassination attempt was made on the King and Queen. Her mother, as the youngest child of the lonely queen, was kept "at home" with the court, which happened to be at Balmoral when she went into labour. Still, if Alfonso married her, their issue could be affected by the disease. When I asked her if she would still not wear it, she answered ‘non, non, jamais plus de pareilles choses’ (no no, no more of these things)”. For instance, in 1909, Madrid's stately neoclassical bridge crossing the Manzanares River was named after her as the "Puente de la Reina Victoria". But thanks to a contribution on Instagram it has been discovered that it is now owned by Mr Chagoury, a successful Lebanese Businessman. In August 1880 Queen Victoria received a visit from Empress Eugenie. And she undid the parcel and took out the most splendid Emerald cross, cut out of one stone, without any joint, and set at the points with fine diamonds, with two magnificent large ones at the top. After a year of rumours about which princess Alfonso would marry, his mother finally acceded to her son's selection in January 1906 and wrote a letter to Victoria Eugenie's mother, telling her about the love Alfonso felt for her daughter and seeking unofficial contact with the king. Fontenay’s philosophy on jewellery was simple: “I like art … in which knowledge is subordinated to taste”. But Ena seems to have been prescient in her decision. On 25 April 1985, her remains were returned to Spain and re-interred in the Royal Vault in the Escorial, outside Madrid, next to the remains of her husband, Alfonso XIII, and not far from her sons, Infante Alfonso, Infante Jaime, and Infante Gonzalo. The Vladimir tiara once again made headlines when it was rumoured that prior to her wedding Meghan Markle had requested the Vladimir Tiara in its Emerald form only to be told no by Queen Elizabeth. On 3 February, the king left San Sebastian to go to Madrid and Victoria Eugenie and her mother went to Versailles where the Princess would be instructed in the Catholic faith: As the future Queen of Spain, she agreed to convert. In 1961, Queen Ena finally sold her remaining Emeralds at auction in Bern, Switzerland. A sapphire ring owned by Victoria Eugenie was sold at Sotheby's in May 2012 for $50,000. In 2011, two of the emeralds appeared at Christie’s in Geneva. The Vladimir tiara once again made headlines when it was rumoured that prior to her wedding Meghan Markle had requested the Vladimir Tiara in its Emerald form only to be told no by Queen Elizabeth. Victoria Eugenie devoted herself to work for hospitals and services for the poor, as well as to education. To her family, and the British general public, she was known by the last of her names, as Ena. The story of these Emeralds is a truly fascinating one. Princess Beatrice and her daughter arrived in Biarritz on 22 January and stayed at the Villa Mauriscot where some days later King Alfonso met them. Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (Victoria Eugenie Julia Ena; 24 October 1887 – 15 April 1969) was Queen of Spain as the wife of King Alfonso XIII. wedding of her grandson, Juan Carlos to Princess Sophia of Greece. The Spanish Empire controlled South America and the Spanish Crown was entitled to ⅕ of any spoils from the New World. This would have included the Emerald mines of Colombia. Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg was born on 24 October 1887 at Balmoral Castle, in Scotland. After the death of Franco in November 1975, her grandson became King Juan Carlos I. The Emerald Cross reappeared in Van Cleef and Arpels in 1974. That same year, Sotheby's also sold at auction Victoria Eugenie's diamond and pink conch shell bracelet by Cartier for the extraordinary price of $3.4 million. His said Majesty King Alfonso XIII engages to secure to Her said Royal Highness the Princess Victoria Eugénie Julia Ena from the date of her marriage with His Majesty, and for the whole period of the marriage, an annual grant of 450,000 pesetas. The private settlements to be made on either side in regard to the said marriage will be agreed upon and expressed in a separate Contract, which shall, however, be deemed to form an integral part of the present Treaty…III. Luckily, she had had the good sense to send her jewels out of the country beforehand and these were forwarded to her when she reached England. [11], Coat of arms used as Highness (Before 1906), Queen consort of Spain and Princess of Battenberg, Sacré Coeur Catholic Church, Lausanne, Switzerland, Generations are numbered by their descent from, The treaty in Spanish was published in the, Infanta Beatriz, Princess of Civitella-Cesi, Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba, Infanta Maria Cristina, Countess of Marone, Alessandro Torlonia, 5th Prince of Civitella-Cesi, Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, "Royal Styles and Titles of Great Britain: Documents", "Pope's Gold Rose for Queens - Victoria of Spain Gets One - King Henry VIII. Born Doña María Eugenia Ignacia Augustina de Palafox y Kirkpatrick – 16th Countess of Teba, Empress Eugenie began life as a Spanish aristocrat but was mainly educated in Paris. It had been given her by the King of Spain when she married. Alfonso died on 28 February 1941. She escaped injury, although her dress was spotted with the blood of a guard who was riding beside the carriage. In 2011, two of the emeralds appeared at Christie’s in Geneva. Despite this treaty, concern about the reaction to the marriage and to Victoria Eugénie's conversion among Protestants was accommodated by the British government's decision that King Edward need not grant official consent to the marriage in his Privy Council, despite the fact that his niece was a British subject. Victoria Eugenia (also known as Ena) married King Alfonso XIII of Spain in 1906. Gemmology can confirm that they came from the Muzo mine in Colombia but how and when they made their way to Eugenie is unknown. She was gifted the Emerald Cross by her mother and (unbeknownst for many years) several large Emeralds from her godmother, Empress Eugenie. Initially she had the Spanish jeweller Sanz mount the Emeralds into a grand necklace which she sometimes wore as a bandeau style tiara. She was baptised in the Drawing Room at Balmoral. His mother, Queen Maria Cristina, did not like her son's choice, in part because she considered the Battenbergs non-royal because of the obscure origin of Prince Henry's mother, and in part because she wanted her son to marry within her own family. Although the naturalisation of Victoria Eugénie's father in the United Kingdom had been initiated in Parliament a week prior to his marriage to Princess Beatrice, the nuptials were completed before the naturalisation, thus the Government was able to take the position that Victoria Eugénie was not bound by the Royal Marriages Act, and therefore the British king had legal authority neither to authorise nor forbid her marriage. According to family legend, Queen Ena received an ornamental fan from Empress Eugenie as a wedding gift. This was quite poignant as Empress Eugenie had been the godmother and namesake of Beatrice’s only daughter Victoria Eugenia. Occasionally, individual emeralds from Queen Ena’s collection will appear at auction. And then she said would I like to perhaps open it and ‘de l’avoir de mon vivant’ (to have it in my lifetime) which I said I would. Above is Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain ... a royal, she had taste and a truly regal look. The family mainly settled in Switzerland but with no means of regular income, Ena was forced to sell her jewellery.

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